111. Dorrill, Lisa K. “Illustrating the Ideal City: Nineteenth- Century American Bird’s Eye Views.” Vol. 18, no. 2 (Autumn 1993), 21- 31.
This essay focuses on the use of bird’s-eye city views as promotional pieces, especially views of Mid-western and Western cities. Dorrill uses prints of Lawrence, Kansas, 1858-1880, to trace shifting attitudes towards that city as it changed from an abolitionist stronghold to a metropolitan center. Her analysis of these prints is thorough and her methodology can be used on other bird’s-eye views.
112. Palumbo, Anne Cannon. “Prints into Paint: The Influence of Prints on Eighteenth-Century American Painting.” Vol. 18, no. 2 (Autumn 1993), 13-20.
Using the Winterthur Museum exhibition of 1992-93 To Please Every Taste, Palumbo focuses on artists who relied on prints as learning devices and as sources for historical paintings. Artists mentioned include Benjamin West, J.S. Copley, and William Williams. The latter artist used prints as sources for settings and poses in portrait painting. John Greenwood was indebted to a print by Hogarth for his painting of Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam. Palumbo also suggests that West derived part of his painting William Penn’s Treaty With the Indians from the cartouche of Henry Popple’s 1733 map of the British Empire in America. This essay points to an important fact about prints relating to North America–the appropriation of them by artists to create additional works of art.
113. Rainey, Sue. “J.D. Woodward’s Wood Engravings of Colorado and the Pacific Railways, 1876-1878.” Vol. 18, no. 2 (Autumn 1993), 2-12.
Popular journals met the need for more information about the West, particularly after the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. John Douglas Woodward was hired by D. Appleton’s Art Journal to make drawings along the railroad’s route to California and in Colorado and Utah. Rainey provides information on Woodward’s career relying on his extant drawings for much of her excellent discussion of this project published in The Art Journal in 1876 and 1877 and as a book titled Scenery of the Pacific Railroads and Colorado in 1878.
114. Shadwell, Wendy. “The Perkins’ Sun Lithographic Establishment: A New York Mystery.” Vol. 18, no. 2 (Autumn 1993), 32-34; and “An Update.” Vol. 22, no. 2 (Autumn 1997), 22-25.
The first article reprints a lengthy advertisement from the August 1850 New York Sun for a lithographic firm whose output is scanty. Joseph Perkins’ firm advertised only briefly, and only one print bearing its imprint had been found. In the 1997 “Update” Shadwell added another print to Perkins’ known output, American Superiority at the World’s Great Fair (1851).