Thomas Pownall (1722-1805) was the British topographical draftsman and political figure responsible for a series of drawings engraved and published in London in 1761. Clark provides the historical context for this important series of prints engraved by Paul Sandby (1725-1809). These views were reprinted in 1768 in the Scenographia Americana with views of other cities in the American colonies and West Indies. The appendixes include lists of the prints published in 1761, of other views by Pownall and Sandby, and of the contents of the 1768 publication.
The Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library was formed by Clarence Monroe Burton in the late nineteenth century. It focuses on the social, cultural and commercial history of the Old Northwest and French Canada, and includes broadsides, lithographs, maps, and city plans.
Richard Koke summarizes the career of John Hill (1770-1850), the Anglo-American aquatint specialist who created some of the most memorable prints of American scenery. Koke describes the technique used by Hill and his major works (including some executed in London), pointing out Hill’s contribution to the popularization of landscape as an American art form.
Mandel describes the founding of the New York Etching Club in 1877 and discusses the major participants in the group, including James D. Smillie, R. Swain Gifford, and Leroy M. Yale. The group held annual exhibitions at the National Academy of Design, and published catalogues of them beginning in 1882. Among those who exhibited that year was James Whistler.
Mann provides a brief overview of banknote engraving, explaining why the lack of a uniform federal currency resulted in such a proliferation of engraving companies. She explains the contributions of Jacob Perkins, James Barton Longacre, Asher B. Durand, and Francis William Edmonds, among other artists and engravers.
O’Brien provides an excellent review of the life and work of John Warner Barber (1798-1885), an author and illustrator of historical works who resided in New Haven for most of his life. Sources for this essay include Barber’s diaries located in the collections of the New Haven Colony Historical Society.