13. Baird, Elizabeth. “American Printed Valentines.” Vol. 3, no. 2 (Nov. 1978), 13-16.
Baird discusses Valentines printed in America from the 1830s to the late 1860s–as woodcuts, engravings, or lithographs. These productions of such firms as Turner and Fisher often followed the lead of English Valentines and resembled the children’s book illustrations of the publishers. Some “fancy” ones with lace and embossing were produced by such well-known stationers as Howland and Whitney. Interesting special types included Bank Note Valentines and Civil War Valentines.